Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each bl

     

A Curious Reader asks: What’s the origin of the familiar breakfast-lunch-dinner triad? 

The typical American “breakfast, lunch, và dinner” pattern is a sản phẩm of the Industrial Revolution.

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Early U.S. dining habits were shaped by those of English colonists. And, as Anne Murcott, a British sociologist specializing in food, writes, for centuries, up until about 1800, most English people ate two, not three, meals a day. The larger of these was often called dinner, but it wasn’t typically an evening meal. During the reign of Henry VII, from 1485 to lớn 1509, the day’s big meal normally took place around 11 am.


Somewhere in the first half of the nineteenth century, the word “lump” seems to have sầu merged with “nuncheon,” a light midday meal.

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In both Englvà and the U.S., dinner became the large afternoon meal for farm families—which is to lớn say most families—in the eighteenth và early nineteenth centuries. It might be preceded by breakfast—the meal khổng lồ break the nighttime fast—& followed by some kind of light meal or meals, variously called supper or tea.

Lunch is the newest addition khổng lồ the triad of U.S. meals. Bachồng in 1968, the English-language scholar Anne Wallace-Hadrill traced the etymology of the word itself, along with its cchiến bại relation, “luncheon.” One possible origin of the words is from “lump.” A 1617 source mentions “eating a great lumpe of bread and butter with a lunchen of cheese.” In 1755, one dictionary writer defined lunch or luncheon as “as much food as one’s hand can hold,” but not as a specific meal. Somewhere in the first half of the nineteenth century, the word “lump” seems khổng lồ have sầu merged with “nuncheon,” a light midday meal (with the “nun” coming from “noon.”)

As workers và kids left the farms for factories và schools over the course of the nineteenth & early twentieth century, eating patterns shifted. Workers & children might shove sầu a lunch of bread into their pocket to lớn eat during the day or return home for a quick luncheon, but dinner now had lớn wait for the end of the day, creating the set of mealtimes we know so well.


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